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Current Situation In Zimbabwe After Mugabe Kicked Out White Farmers Two Decades Ago

Land Ownership Before Independence

Land ownership in Zimbabwe was heavily skewed in favor of Europeans for many years. More than 7 million black people and roughly 120,000 white people called the nation home in 1980, yet white people held about half of the country's fertile land. Blacks performed low-paying manual labor on farms.

How Mugabe evicted White Farmers

The deadly racial conflicts in the African nation have revolved around farmland. As restitution for the wrongdoings of colonial authority, the government started taking property from thousands of white farmers and transferring it to blacks. The largest swaths of farmland were given to followers of the ruling party when the Mugabe government began redistributing it in 2000, even though the recipients had no farming experience. Mugabe said he will take the land the way Whites took from them.

What is Going on Now?

As agricultural output stagnates, black landowners are subtly contacting expelled white farmers. The vast amounts of farmland that are vacant throughout the countryside are obvious. The nation's economy was one of the strongest on the continent in 1997. Its growth rate is anticipated to be 1.5% this year. Agriculture's revenue decreased by $17 billion from 2000 to 2021. The nation, formerly referred to as "the breadbasket of Africa," depends on foreign aid to feed 25% of its population.

Current Food Situation

There are millions of individuals who need food assistance, and this year, roughly 400,000 tonnes of corn will need to be imported.

Food insecurity is made worse by Zimbabwe's fragile economy, which saw annual inflation rise to 191% in August as a result of the cost-of-living crises brought on by several international problems, notably the conflict in Ukraine. As a result, food prices have increased by 50%.

General Impact On Public

Widespread poverty, HIV/AIDS, a lack of job prospects, cash flow issues, frequent climate-related shocks, and economic instability are the causes that have made Zimbabwe's food security situation worse.

The great majority of rural residents' access to food is also being harmed by low-productivity agricultural practices and a lack of markets. Rates of undernutrition are high, particularly in rural areas with undiversified diets.

Corrective Measures Being Undertaken By Government

In order for the US and UK to lift sanctions, Zimbabwe agreed to pay $3.5 billion in compensation to white farmers whose land had been taken by the government for the relocation of black households.

However, the country of southern Africa lacked the funds and had to borrow from foreign institutions. White farmers would be given compensation for infrastructure, equipment, and land, according to the agreement inked at President Emmerson Mnangagwa's State House offices in Harare.

Reference

1. https://www.google.com/url?q=https://www.newsday.co.zw/agriculture/article/200000695/govt-to-distribute-grain-as-hunger-stalks-millions&sa=U&ved=2ahUKEwiBpvGN1Kb6AhWMQvEDHXt3AZYQxfQBegQIAxAC&usg=AOvVaw2w_8yJkHHO43nujALkH7Sz

2. https://www.google.com/url?q=https://impakter.com/extreme-hunger-rises-by-123-in-worst-affected-climate-hotspots/&sa=U&ved=2ahUKEwiBpvGN1Kb6AhWMQvEDHXt3AZYQxfQBegQIBhAC&usg=AOvVaw3shOJU1H1fOxB3W4U0QO4z

This article was compiled and published by Yator Enock from Kapkimolwa, Bomet County.

Content created and supplied by: yator.enock.kipkorir (via Opera News )

African Mugabe White Farmers Whites Zimbabwe

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