Bee farming is the practice of maintaining bees for the purpose of pollination. It is one of the most cost-effective methods of farming available, particularly in Kenya. Because bee farming is a form of enterprise that does not require rich soil, Kenya is a good area for it because the country is about 80% arid and semi-arid.
Arid and semi-arid parts of Kenya, such as Baringo and Kitui counties, have shown to be the greatest counties for bee production, with those two counties producing the majority of the honey sold in Kenya.
Here are some advantages of the bee keeping business
✓It does not necessitate a tiny plot of land.
✓To begin, a little sum of money is required.
✓It just necessitates a small workforce.
✓It has more than ten goods that generate revenue (some of them include pollen, propolis, royal jelly, bee colonies, bee venom, and bee brood).
✓It is thought to have medicinal properties.
✓Bees pollinate flowers and hence aid in plant fertilization.
However, the whole cost of setting up bee farming (from acquiring a beehive to harvesting materials) is around Kshs.10,000, without including the equipment required for honey collection. Setting up a beehive, for example, the Langstroth kind, costs Kshs.5000, but a person can build one from scratch using locally available materials.
Honey from bees is usually harvested one year after the hive has been established. After then, roughly 8 months after the first harvest, the second harvest can be done. Following the second beehive (honey) harvest, following harvests can be done every four months. You can now sell honey to the market for roughly Kshs.150 per kilo of honey after harvesting it.
Selling the bee products
The production expenses are extremely low, barely covering labor and packaging. In this age of health consciousness, raw honey is very popular.
Honey is able to keep the enzymes that give you with additional health benefits without the need of heat.
You're ready to sell once you've packed it. Honey is in such high demand that you won't be able to keep it in stock for long.
Pollen is the bee's primary source of protein and also serves as a dietary supplement for humans.
Because pollen duty is not assigned to all foragers, it has a higher market value than honey. Pollen is only found in modest quantities.
Due to the perishability of fresh pollen, it is best to keep it dry. You can either sell it fresh or dry it and package it for sale once you've collected it.
Propolis is a sticky substance made from the secretions of many different trees and plants.
It is less perishable than pollen, making it easier to handle. It also has a higher demand than supply, making it even more valuable than pollen.
This one works hand in hand with honey, but it's only cost effective in large quantities. When you collect honey with an extractor, the honeycomb is recycled, and you end up with extremely small amounts of wax.
You can gather the honey and chop off the comb for rendering if you're dealing with hundreds or thousands of hives. Because wax is so light, you'll need a lot of it to make this worthwhile.
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