1. Avoid cheap feeds
Feed is the most expensive part of any chicken production in Kenya, whether it's meat or eggs. It is responsible for 70% of all other components. Maize and soya are the most important ingredients in feed, and both are expensive. Purchase feed that consistently provides the target kilo of meat per feed provided and the goal number of eggs per kilogram of feed at a lower cost, not a lower cost. The two are not the same.
2. Measure the amount of feed you give to the poultry
Some farmers feed their birds ad libitum. If you want to make money, you must quit doing this. All feed allotment must be measured daily to a gram per bird, according to your breed's set guidelines. 10% of the feed is wasted on the floor or in the trash in some of the farms I've visited, and it goes unaccounted for.
Make it a habit to calculate the amount of feed that is converted to a kilogram of meat or eggs. As a general guideline, 1 kg of layer feed should yield 5-6 eggs throughout production, and 1.6-7 kg of broiler feed should yield 1.6-7 kg of meat. The feed conversion ratio is 1kg of live weight per kilogram of crumble feed.
3. Weigh a sample of your birds regularly
Make it a practice to weigh 5% of your birds every week from the day of placement through the week of slaughter or, if they're pullets, the point of lay. Although time-consuming, this technique will alert you when things are going wrong early enough for you to take corrective action.
4. Spend sometime in the flock unit
Make time to go around your flock unit. Early in the morning during feeding time and late in the evening just before the lights go off are the finest times to visit the flock. This is referred to as "walking the birds." During this time, you should examine your flocks physically for feeding habits, watering, flock density, and overall health. It also lowers the risk of tumbling over or having a heart attack.
5. Have some footbaths at every entrance to the shade
In the event of a disease outbreak, footbaths are the finest and first line of defense for your flocks. Make sure it's always clean and disinfectant is refilled on a regular basis.
6. Restrict visitors to your farm
Biosecurity refers to the processes and procedures that must be implemented to avoid disease-causing organisms or agents from contaminating your valuable flocks. Avoid allowing unwelcome guests inside your flock's confines, as people have a history of being the principal carriers of chicken disease pathogens.
7. As per the health plan vaccinate your poultry regularly
You vaccinate your birds against airborne diseases that cannot be stopped by physical barriers, just as you insurance your car against unexpected calamities. Vaccination is the single most significant action for strengthening the immune system of birds against some of the most serious notifiable diseases, such as Gumboro, Newcastle, and fowl typhoid.
8. Know your customers and reach them directly
Take the time to get to know your customers and develop a long-term relationship with them. This is the year to cut ties with power brokers or cartels whose interests are in buying birds cheaply and selling them at high prices to restaurants and fast-food management.
9. Keep records
Record keeping is a crucial tool for evaluating your performance and identifying areas where you may improve. Feed consumption, weights, losses, temps, visitors, profit margins, water intakes, and weight gains should all be recorded. Compare each crop's performance against the preceding one.
10. Invest in animal welfare
Always keep your chickens healthy and happy by avoiding unneeded prescription medication and providing plenty of water and room for them to grow, play, and sleep. Allow birds to exercise and express their natural emotions in a safe setting by keeping the litter dry.
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