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Islamic history of women's clothing during Ottoman empire

For many centuries during the Seljuk and most of the Ottoman period, women's articles of dress were similar to those of men and bore the same name.

Apart from the quality of the fabrics, there was little difference in style or articles of dress between rich and poor, nor between those of Muslim or non-Muslim women.

Because Islam forbid women to appear unveiled before men other than their husbands and close relatives, women's outdoor clothing was subject to strict regulations.

During the Anatolian Seljuk period women covered their heads, but were not veiled, as we learn from contemporary visual material.

For summer they were made of silk, and for winter of wool, often lined with fur.

Through the 16th and 17th centuries the style of the ferace remained unchanged the yasmak (pronounced yhash-mahkh) consisted of two pieces of fine white muslin covering the head, the upper piece tied around the forehead and the lower piece across the mouth below the nose. Over this was a pace (veil pronounced pech-eh)


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